Your Muscles: Pain and Gain 3
Simply put, a cramp is when your muscle contracts or spasms without you actually wanting it to. The most common place to get a muscle cramp during or after a workout is in your calf, foot or hamstring, but it can also happen in other parts such as your buttocks or in your arms too. The cramps most often happen right after exercising or during the night time when you are trying to rest, and sometimes they last for just a few seconds, and other times for up to several minutes. Most muscle cramps are caused by simple to fix issues such as an overly hard workout, a lack of hydration, a lack of minerals and nutrients, or due to a restricted blood flow to the cramping muscles. Sometimes however cramps can be caused by damaged nerves, spinal cord injuries, or pinched nerve. If you experience cramps very often, you might want to see a doctor.
How to Prevent Muscle Cramps
The best way to prevent these from occurring is by eating a nationally balanced diet. Other ways include making sure that you are always properly hydrated, taking multivitamins, and even stretching before and after your workout. Another way to prevent cramps from occurring is by replacing the electrolytes that you sweat out, or in other words, drink a bottle of Gatorade.
How to Treat Cramps
Things that help to relieve the pain of cramps include stretching and massaging, as well as getting up to walk on it also seems to do the trick. If you get a cramp when working out just stop your exercise until the cramp goes away.
What Not to Do
Never flex your muscle when it is cramping, because that will only cause you more pain, instead, what you need to do is to elongate the muscle. For instance, if your calf is cramping, all you need to do is to pull your toes up and actually stretch the calf muscle out.
Experiencing pains that you shouldn’t have is not normal, and it’s not good either. You shouldn’t wake up the day after your workout to find that muscles or body parts hurt that you didn’t actually exercise. The cause of these aches may be that you are doing your exercises improperly, have a bad form, or are simply lifting too much weight. Stressing your joints and muscles past the limit, or exercising with poor form can cause pain in your legs, arms, back, and neck
How to Prevent Weird Aches
The best way to do this is to always make sure to workout with proper form. If you can’t manage to hold the proper form, then you need to decrease the weight you are lifting, decrease the intensity, or even modify the exercise in some other way.
How to Treat it
Don’t work out for a day or two until the weird pain goes away, and if you do, don’t use the part of your bod that hurts, because these pains can be an indication of a more serious injury and should not be taken lightly.
What Not to Do
Simply don’t work the area that hurts.
Burning in your Muscles
This is the burn that you feel while working out, and it is because you are getting to the point of fatigue. This is generally a good sign because it shows that you are on the right path and pushing yourself. It happens because your body releases hydrogen ions that build up faster than they can be dispersed, and this makes your muscles burn. This is a big part of the whole no pain no gain theory; to a certain extent, it’s definitely true.
How to Prevent it
You can prevent your muscles form burning by working out less and at a lower intensity, but in all reality, you don’t want to prevent it because it’s a sign that you’re muscles are working and in the process of growing.
How to Treat it
Just stop whatever exercise you are doing and wait for a few minutes before continuing; it’s as simple as that.